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Arthritis is a common condition that causes inflammation and pain in a joint. It can be experienced by anyone, at any age, but is particularly common in the elderly. In the UK there are millions who suffer with arthritis symptoms.

Types of Arthritis

There are two main types of Arthritis:


This is the most common form of arthritis in the UK. It happens when your cartilage deteriorates over time. This can happen as a result of injury, age or genetics. It is more likely to occur in people in their 40’s or older. The most commonly affected areas are the hands, knees, hips and spine.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This type of arthritis is believed to occur when the body’s immune system targets affected joints, ultimately leading to the swelling and pain. It often begins between the ages of 30 and 50.


Other forms of arthritis and related conditions

There are also many other types of arthritis or related conditions, some more common than others. These include:

Gout - a type of arthritis caused by too much uric acid. It usually affects the big toe but can also affect other joints.

Psoriasis Arthritis - an inflammatory joint condition that affects people with psoriasis

Enteropathic Arthritis – a chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with Inflammatory Bowel Diseasees (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative colitis.

Reactive Arthritis - this develops after an infection in the bowel, gut or throat and causes pain and swelling of the joints.

Secondary Arthritis – this can develop after a joint injury and may happens years after the injury itself.

Fibromyalgia – causes pain in muscles, ligaments and tendons

Lupus – an autoimmune condition that affects many organs and body tissue


Symptoms of Arthritis

Some of the symptoms of arthritis include:

  • Joint pain or tenderness
  • Swelling or inflammation in and around the joint
  • Restricted movement of the joint
  • Warm and red skin around joint
  • Joint weakness


Arthritis Treatment

There is no magic cure for arthritis. The aim of arthritis treatment is to minimise the symptoms and prevent further damage. Early identification is always best, so if you think you may be exhibiting some arthritis symptoms, it’s best to see your Doctor and begin treatment as soon as possible.

The type of treatment used will depend on the type of arthritis you have. If you have Osteoarthritis then this will usually involve lifestyle changes, medicine and possibly surgery. If you have Rheumatoid Arthritis this may involve medicine, physiotherapy and surgery.

Here is a bit more information about the types of treatments that may be used:


Although you probably don’t feel like exercising if you have arthritis, it can actually help reduce your symptoms and prevent further damage. Ensure you seek medical advice from an expert before beginning any exercise.

Healthy Diet

Excess weight can worsen the symptoms of your arthritis. Eating a healthy and balanced can help you maintain a healthy weight, hence putting less pressure on your joints.


The type of medicine prescribed will depend on the type of arthritis you have. Anti-inflammatory medication may be given to reduce inflammation as is the case of Osteoarthritis. More aggressive treatment such as Immunosuppressants may be used for rheumatoid arthritis.


Physiotherapy may also be another treatment option for some arthritis sufferers. Physiotherapy treatments include heat & ice packs, massage, acupuncture and exercises.


If your arthritis is severe then surgery may be another treatment option. There are few different types of surgery depending on the type of arthritis and the affected area.

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